Martin Luther King Jr. Day

Martin Luther King Jr.

As a direct result of feedback from Sibley employees, physicians and volunteers, 2017 marks the first year that Sibley Memorial Hospital will honor Martin Luther King Jr. Day as a observed holiday. This change is consistent with our organizational commitment to honor diversity and foster inclusion.

In preparation and celebration of Dr. King we will be featuring MLK trivia in the days leading up to Monday, Jan. 16.

Friday, January 13 Answers:

Martin Luther King, Jr. was born in which state?

B. Dr. King was born Michael King Jr. on Jan. 15, 1929 in Atlanta. King Sr. became pastor of Ebenezer Baptist Church in 1931 and changed his name to Martin Luther King Sr., in reference to the German Protestant leader Martin Luther. King Jr. followed suit. King Jr. skipped two grades in high school, enrolling at Morehouse College when he was 15 years old. He went on to attend Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, Pennsylvania and studied to become a minister, later attending Boston University for his doctorate. King Sr. had instilled the importance of racial equality on his children, in part leading King Jr. into civil rights activism. King was elected to lead the Montgomery, Alabama bus boycott following Rosa Parks’ arrest, and the Supreme Court’s subsequent ruling that bus segregation was unconstitutional represented a key victory for King and Parks in the civil rights movement.

In Jan. 1957, Martin Luther King Jr. and a group of about 60 ministers and civil rights leaders met in Atlanta to discuss their next step after the Supreme Court ruled bus segregation unconstitutional. This group of leaders formed an organization that became known as what?

A. The Southern Christian Leadership Conference first gathered in 1957 to discuss appropriate non-violent protest options and potential events that would further the civil rights cause across the country. The SCLC encouraged African American citizens to vote in elections to make their voices heard and sponsored more than 20 events in major southern cities to register African American voters.

Thursday, January 12 Answers:

How tall is the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Stone of Hope on the National Mall?

C. The Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Stone of Hope was opened in 2011 on the National Mall. The monument to Dr. King stands 30 feet tall. On one side, it reads: “Out of the mountain of despair, a stone of hope,” a line used by Dr. King in his now famous “I Have a Dream” speech.

How long did the Montgomery Bus Boycott last?

D. The Montgomery Bus Boycott began in December 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, after Rosa Parks was arrested on Dec. 1 for refusing to give up her bus seat to a white passenger. The boycott extended more than a year (381 days), taking a heavy toll on the local public transportation system. The Supreme Court in November 1956 ruled segregated bus seating unconstitutional. Shortly after the ruling, Montgomery, Alabama desegregated its buses.

Wednesday, January 11 Answers:

When Dr. King won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964, he was the youngest man to receive the award. How old was he?

C. Dr. King was 35 years old when he received the Nobel Peace Prize, at the time making him the youngest such laureate. He was awarded a Nobel medal and $54,123 in prize money that was donated to help further the civil rights movement. Malala Yousafzai in 2014 became the youngest ever Nobel Peace Prize laureate at the age of 17.

Which U.S. president approved the creation of a national holiday celebrating Martin Luther King Jr.?

D. President Reagan signed the legislation in 1983, but the holiday wasn’t celebrated nationally until Jan. 20, 1986. In 1994, Coretta Scott King, his widow, asked Congress to make it a national day of service–her wish was granted that year when President Bill Clinton signed the Martin Luther King Jr. Federal Holiday and Service Act.

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